托福阅读真题练习:电子音乐的文本+题目+答案
Emily 2017-12-07     12:00 来源: 来自互联网
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托福
摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读真题练习:电子音乐的文本+题目+答案

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:电子音乐的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读文本:
Composers today use a wider variety of sounds than ever before, including many that were
once considered undesirable noises. Composer Edgard Varèse (1883-1965) called thus the
"liberation of sound...the right to make music with any and all sounds." Electronic music, for
example — made with the aid of computers, synthesizers, and electronic instruments — may
include sounds that in the past would not have been considered musical. Environmental sounds,
such as thunder, and electronically generated hisses and blips can be recorded, manipulated, and
then incorporated into a musical composition. But composers also draw novel sounds from voices
and nonelectronic instruments. Singers may be asked to scream, laugh, groan, sneeze, or to sing
phonetic sounds rather than words. Wind and string players may lap or scrape their instruments. A
brass or woodwind player may hum while playing, to produce two pitches at once; a pianist may
reach inside the piano to pluck a string and then run a metal blade along it. In the music of the
Western world, the greatest expansion and experimentation have involved percussion instruments,
which outnumber strings and winds in many recent compositions. Traditional percussion
instruments are struck with new types of beaters; and instruments that used to be couriered
unconventional in Western music — tom-toms, bongos, slapsticks, maracas—are widely used.
In the search for novel sounds, increased use has been made in Western music of microtones.
Non-western music typically divides and interval between two pitches more finely than western
music does, thereby producing a greater number of distinct tones, or microtones, within the same
interval. Composers such as Krzysztof Penderecki create sound that borders on electronic noise
through tone clusters — closely spaced tones played together and heard as a mass, block, or band
of sound. The directional aspect of sound has taken on new importance as well. Loudspeakers or
groups of instruments may be placed at opposite ends of the stage, in the balcony, or at the back
and sides of the auditorium.
Because standard music notation makes no provision for many of these innovations, recent
music scores may contain graphlike diagrams, new note shapes and symbols, and novel ways of
arranging notation on the page.
托福阅读题目:
1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
(A) The use of nontraditional sounds in contemporary music
(B) How sounds are produced electronically
(C) How standard musical notation has been adapted for nontraditional sounds
(D) Several composers who have experimented with the electronic production of sound
2. The word "wider" in one 1 is closest in meaning to more impressive
(A) more distinctive
(B) more controversial
(C) more extensive
(D) more impressive
3. The passage suggests that Edgard Varèse is an example of a composer who
(A) criticized electronic music as too noiselike
(B) modified sonic of the electronic instruments he used in his music
(C) believed that any sound could be used in music
(D) wrote music with environmental themes
4. The word "it" in line 12 refers to
(A) piano
(B) string
(C) blade
(D) music
5. According to the passage , which of the following types of instruments has played a role in
much of the innovation in western music?
(A) string
(B) percussion
(C) woodwind
(D) brass
6. The word "thereby" in line 20 is closest in meaning to
(A) in return for
(B) in spite of
(C) by the way
(D) by that means
7.According to the passage , Krzysztof Penderecki is known for which of the following practices?
(A) Using tones that are clumped together
(B) Combining traditional and nontradinonal instruments
(C) Seating musicians in unusual areas of an auditorium
(D) Playing Western music for non-Western audiences
8. According to the passage , which of the following would be considered traditional elements of
Western music?
(A) microtones
(B) tom-toms and bongos
(C) pianos
(D) hisses
9. In paragraph 3, the author mentions diagrams as an example of a new way to
(A) chart the history of innovation in musical notation
(B) explain the logic of standard musical notation
(C) design and develop electronic instruments
(D) indicate how particular sounds should be produced
托福阅读答案:
ACCBB DACD
以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:电子音乐的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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