托福阅读真题练习:西雅图公园的文本+题目+答案
安之若素 2017-12-07     11:58 来源: 来自互联网
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摘要:托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢?

托福阅读真题练习:西雅图公园的文本+题目+答案

托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:西雅图公园的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读文本:
In 1903 the members of the governing board of the University of Washington, in Seattle,
engaged a firm of landscape architects, specialists in the design of outdoor environment —
Olmsted Brothers of Brookline, Massachusetts — to advise them on an appropriate layout for the
university grounds. The plan impressed the university officials, and in time many of its
recommendations were implemented. City officials in Seattle, the largest city in the northwestern
United States, were also impressed, for they employed the same organization to study Seattle's
public park needs. John Olmsted did the investigation and subsequent report on Seattle's parks. He
and his brothers believed that parks should be adapted to the local topography, utilize the area's
trees and shrubs, and be available to the entire community. They especially emphasized the need
for natural, serene settings where hurried urban dwellers could periodically escape from the city.
The essence of the Olmsted park plan was to develop a continuous driveway, twenty miles long,
that would tie together a whole series of parks, playgrounds, and parkways. There would be local
parks and squares, too, but all of this was meant to supplement the major driveway, which was to
remain the unifying factor for the entire system.
In November of 1903 the city council of Seattle adopted the Olmsted Report, and it
automatically became the master plan for the city's park system. Prior to this report, Seattle's park
development was very limited and funding meager. All this changed after the report. Between
1907 and 1913, city voters approved special funding measures amounting to $4,000,000. With
such unparalleled sums at their disposal, with the Olmsted guidelines to follow, and with the
added incentive of wanting to have the city at its best for the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition of
1909, the Parks Board bought aggressively. By 1913 Seattle had 25 parks amounting to 1,400
acres, as well as 400 acres in playgrounds, pathways, boulevards, and triangles. More lands would
be added in the future, but for all practical purposes it was the great land surge of 1907-1913 that
established Seattle's park system.
托福阅读题目:
1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
(A) The planned development of Seattle's public park system
(B) The organization of the Seattle city government
(C) The history of the Olmsted Brothers architectural firm
(D) The design and building of the University of Washington campus
2. The word "engaged" in line 2 is closest in meaning to
(A) trained
(B) hired
(C) described
(D) evaluated
3. The word "subsequent" in line 8 is closest in meaning to
(A) complicated
(B) alternate
(C) later
(D) detailed
4. Which of the following statements about parks does NOT reflect the views of the Olmsted
Brothers firm?
(A) They should be planted with trees that grow locally.
(B) They should provide a quiet, restful environment.
(C) They should be protected by limiting the number of visitors from the community.
(D) They should be designed to conform to the topography of the area.
5. Why does the author mention "local parks and squares" in lines 14 when talking about the
Olmsted plan?
(A) To emphasize the difficulties facing adoption of the plan
(B) To illustrate the comprehensive nature of the plan
(C) To demonstrate an omission in the plan
(D) To describe Seattle's landscape prior to implementation of the plan
6. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about how citizens of Seattle received
the Olmsted Report?
(A) They were hostile to the report's conclusions.
(B) They ignored the Olmsted's findings.
(C) They supported the Olmsted's plans.
(D) They favored the city council's seeking advice from another firm.
7. According to the passage , when was the Olmsted Report officially accepted as the master plan
for the Seattle public park system?
(A) 1903
(B) 1907
(C) 1909
(D) 1913
8. The word "sums" in line 20 is closest in meaning to
(A) problems
(B) amounts
(C) services
(D) debts
9. According to the passage , which of the following was most directly influenced by the
Alaska-Yukon- Pacific Exposition?
(A) The University of Washington
(B) Brookline, Massachusetts
(C) The mayor of Seattle
(D) The Seattle Parks Board
托福阅读答案:
ABCCB CABD
以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:西雅图公园的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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