1. What does the professor mainly discuss?
A. Different ways to apply a particular teaching technique
B. Research showing that most students have learning-style preferences
C. An analysis of research into a particular approach to teaching
D. Feedback from teachers who adapted their teaching styles to the learning styles of individual students
2. What did the psychologists conclude after reviewing research on the meshing hypothesis?
A. The hypothesis is not adequately supported by valid research data.
B. Teachers should adapt their lessons to students' individual learning styles.
C. Students generally learn best through hands-on activities.
D. Individual learning styles differ much more than previously believed.
3. According to the professor, how might school spending be affected by the psychologists' findings?
A. Schools could focus on spending that addresses the diverse needs of individual students.
B. Schools could reduce costs by eliminating purchases of unnecessary materials.
C. Schools could find new sources of income so that they can afford to introduce more advanced teaching methods.
D. Schools could ignore the psychologists' recommendations in order to save money.
4. What does the professor's example of a science class illustrate?
A. A teaching approach in which students could choose among several types of learning activities
B. A reason that teachers need to know the learning styles of individual students
C. A situation in which the teaching method was matched to the lesson's content
D. An opportunity for students to discuss their learning-style preferences with one another
5. What is the professor's attitude toward new trends in education?
A. They have been responsible for major educational improvements in recent years.
B. They can be ignored, since they rarely lead to improved teaching methods.
C. Teachers should be aware of them but not adopt them without proof that they are effective.
D. Teachers should put them into practice without further delay.
6. What does the professor mention as a weakness of the article published by the psychologists?
A. Its conclusions are contradicted by newly published research.
B. Its conclusions are limited to lessons taught in science classes.
C. The psychologists did not follow the scientific method carefully enough.
D. The psychologists failed to consider teachers' accounts of classroom experiences.
2018年1月13日托福考试听力机经预测之背景知识和词汇(部分内容)： 场景特点： 学生讨论一些生活中遇到的问题或和管理员的对话 常见套路： （1）对学校基础设施的建议 打印机系统优化 延长咖啡馆营业时间 改善食堂装修 学校建停车场 （2）生活便利 电脑损害，找人修理 订购票找折扣 邮局寄送 学校系统登录出现问题 （3）申请奖学金（手续、材料、流程） 注册报到 场景词汇： scholarship；bursary（助学金）；department；information；financial aid；monetary（货币的财政的）；grant；determine；committee；donor；apply for；financially；in need；consider；out-of-town（外地的）；requirement；website；on-line；submit；official；document；in person；scholarship；available；maintain；average；mark；apply for；applicant；committee；honor；award；exam；candidate；weight；guarantee；grade point average (GPA)；percent；website；address；rigorous（严格的，严厉的，严密的，严酷的）；extra-curricular（课外的）；hardship；achievement；letter of recommendation；fill；time consuming job（耗时的工作）；recommend；eligibility（适任，合格）；enrollment（登记，入伍）confirmation slip（确认单）；dean院长；系主任 department chair/chairperson系主任；enroll in注册；course课程；basic course基础课程；introductory course基础入门课程；the intermediate level course中级水平；field work/research实地研究；academic record学业成绩；grade point average平均绩点；credit学分；expense花费；tuition学费；scholarship奖学金；financial aid助学金；graduation form毕业表格；graduation requirements要求；permission允许；verify证实；mailing address邮寄地址；facilities manager后勤经理；language lab manager语言实验室经理；administrating office行政办公楼；hall大厅；laboratory实验室；dorm] /dormitory宿舍；auditorium.礼堂，会堂 chorus =choir合唱队；concert音乐会；rehearsal排练；预演construction counselor咨询员；department Secretary部门秘书；bank account银行存款/账户；bill账单；cash现金；credit card信用卡；deposits存款；paycheck薪水；payroll工资单；薪水册salary=income工资；fax传真；form表格；table表格
教师上课方式：方法论（1/4课程时间）+ 专题训练（1/4课程时间）+ 套题训练（1/4课程时间）+ 查缺补漏（1/4课程时间）