2018年12月1日托福独立写作机经预测
冷暖自知 2018-11-28     18:59 来源: 原创
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预测独立写作1
The most influential problems to the society can be solved by the contemporary generation.
高分思路

human is not such a perfect animal so it must possess certain flaws, some of which are resistant to be corrected

the generation in this time has changed to be much lazier due to the highly-developed modern technology

the problem including desertification and global warming is a world issue

高分范文

Many changes that cause lots of problems such as famine and flu have taken place. Fortunately, many of the problems are solved by the advanced technology. However, all the races are suffering same problems, the lack of resources and the severe pollution. To my view, there are the gravest problems that will not be absolutely solved through contemporary generation. 

To start with, human is not such a perfect animal so it must possess certain flaws, some of which are resistant to be corrected. To state it more clearly, as long as the issue concerns about the flawed property of human beings, such as corruption and the limited life-span, it will be so profound that the problem have already existed for several centuries without any proper solution. How can the problem that affects dozens of years be eradicated by just one generation? 

Secondly, the generation in this time has changed to be much lazier due to the highly-developed modern technology. What should be emphasized is that more and more people only know how to enjoy the convenience rather than how to contribute their efforts. Unfortunately, with the continuous advancement of technology such as human intelligence, the convenient life makes people far lazier and less active. This acquired weakness with the pace of the development of the human civilization is now becoming ingrained. Therefore, such problem becomes a lost cause.

What’s more, the problem including desertification and global warming is a world issue, so it might remain yet to be solved though the current generation has been much stronger. Indeed, most of the countries are still in the developing process from time to time. To undergo the industrialization or to improve the construction of the industry, the society needs a large number of resources and labor forces, both of which can cause the aggravation of the current pollution made by excessive waste emission. In other words, where there is the urbanization or modernization, there is the inevitable side effect. In a word, in this stage, people can even worsen the problem instead of solving it.

Considering the reasons I listed, I believe that the contemporary teenagers still have to arm themselves with books and experience to cope with all the problems they face though they may not address them in a short period. Obviously, I sincerely hope that someday we can share the initial Earth full of vibrancy.

预测独立写作2
Advertising today is less honest than it was in the past, for that reason it is less useful for people to choose what they want to buy.
高分思路

to sell their products better, producers exaggerate the products’ function.

the price is usually not completely accurate

companies hire super stars to show up on the advertisements to attract customers

高分范文

It is not surprising that different people possess disparate opinions about even the most trivial things, to say nothing of the issue relevant to advertising. Admittedly, some advertisements allow people to know the products better by showing their advantages directly. However, this claim only tells us part of the truth. In my opinion, it is clear that people do not trust advertising for all sorts of reasons.

To begin with, to sell their products better, producers exaggerate the products’ function. For example, one washing powder company states that their merchandise can wash away ALL the dirtiness on the clothes by simply twisting them. However, people cannot really determine whether the product could work that well or not until they actually buy it and use it. Thus, customers would not believe in the seller’s strategy that much. For most of the time, the advertisement is not reliable because it overstates the product they are selling. 

Besides, the price is usually not completely accurate. Producers all want to sell their products better so that they sometimes give out wrong information to make the customers buy their goods. For instance, in most of the advertisements, the sellers would tell us that what they are selling is on sale. But when we actually go to the store to buy that product, it actually costs us more that it said on the commercials. This will also make people put less trust on advertisements.

What’s more, companies hire super stars to show up on the advertisements to attract customers. It is clear that the influence power of those famous actors and actresses is extremely great because their fans admire them and trust them. The effect of the product, however, will easily be slighting due to the stars’ massive impact. Moreover, many cosmetic products look great in advertisement to some extent not because their higher quality but because those actors or actresses are good-looking and have better skins. Hence, people will not believe the stars as they used to because they are being tricked too much.

Generally speaking, people nowadays do not trust advertising due to its fraudulence.

预测独立写作3
In the modern world, we should never be impolite to another person.
高分思路

being polite to the opponents is the same as being cruel to ourselves. 

we should not never be impolite to our members when we are leaders of teams

it is worry for us to be polite to people who do not respect us

高分范文

Politeness is one of the most important characteristics of a nice person. However, being polite to everyone all the time is incorrect. In some special situations, politeness will only show our cowardice or bring us troubles. Here are some examples.

First of all, when we compete with others, being polite to the opponents is the same as being cruel to ourselves. Take the running race for instance, if we want to show our modesty to other players and not do our best to fight for the champion, we must be regretted to fail in the competition. Also, our friends, teachers and family members, who have great expectation on us, will be disappointed on us. Besides in sports, when we match with people in other areas, like study, career and interpersonal relationship, we always need to divide them from politeness. It is appropriate for us to do all we can for success.

Moreover, we should not never be impolite to our members when we are leaders of teams. To be a qualified leader, we should guide, organize and convince the members and make the final decision. Whereas, being too polite will lose your authority and make other members unwilling to follow you. For example, when your team is going to decide the gathering time, you need to ask for everyone’s free time, match and find the same time that everyone is free, and finally check whether all the members agree with the time to get together. Otherwise, the whole team will be disorganized and spend a lot of time coordinating it if you cannot lead the team correctly. Thus, as a leader, we should not be polite every time.

Besides, it is worry for us to be polite to people who do not respect us. Even though sometimes, the identity or status of people is different, everyone is equal in moral. For example, when we work as waiters in the restaurant, serving the consumers is our job. However, if the consumer is so picky that always looks for faults or even degrades our dignity, it is unnecessary for us to be still polite to them. It is not worth to suffer from the consumers’ unreasonable quarrel. 

In conclusion, we should not never show impoliteness to others. We should judge the situation and show the right attitude.

预测独立写作4

In times of an economic crisis, in which area should the government reduce its spending?

1. Education

2. Health Care

3. Support for the unemployed.

高分思路

education demands higher expenditures than other two areas.

since it is the time of economic crisis, the temporary shortage of educational supporting reduced by the government will not cause serious consequences. 

as for schools, their financial burdens are lighter.

高分范文

When our society confronts the fallout of the global financial and economic crisis, without doubt, the government should take effective measures to live through the economic crisis, for example, reducing the big spending. As far as I am concerned, if the government is going to cut the spending, they should no longer support for the education.

First of all, education demands higher expenditures than other two areas. To illustrate, the number of students who receive education far outweighs that of the unemployed and patients. Accordingly, more kindergartens, primary schools and universities ought to be set up to meet increasing needs. In addition, the techniques and methods of teaching are complex, thus, the teaching team needs to be strong and to have more diversified teaching tools and advanced facilities. All these spending grow unchecked, and are too much to an ailing government.

Secondly, since it is the time of economic crisis, the temporary shortage of educational supporting reduced by the government will not cause serious consequences. And the government can utilize the capital reduced from the investment in education to boost the local economy in considerable ways. Moreover, if people are incapable of meeting their basic life demands, perfect education is not fascinating. In addition, thanks to the computerization, access educational resources are available through various ways, like the broad network of computers and the Internet. Numerous high-tech devices are easy to operate and thus enable people to learn courses by themselves. Thus, it is reasonable for the government to reduce the investment in education during the economic crisis.

Lastly, as for schools, their financial burdens are lighter. Due to their potential profits, many schools’ programs and teaching projects are also attracting sponsorship from enterprises and other organizations. The prestigious “Hope Project” initiated by China is just one example. So far this project has attracted more than 150 companies to build new schools and libraries. I think in the time of an economic crisis, it is the inescapable responsibility of the companies to raise funds and offer financial assistance. For that reason, the government can cut the money on education to support other areas.

Therefore, in spite of the fact that education is an indispensable part of the entire society, it should be considered individually by the government regarding financial support during the economic crisis. It is easy to conclude that during that time the government should no longer support for the education.

预测独立写作5
Nowadays it is easier to maintain good health than in the past.
高分思路

maintaining health has been made easier in many ways thanks to technologies 

a good health has become more attainable because it is no longer restricted to the wealthy people of society

governments have a greater involvement in promoting health care

高分范文

Medical expenses in many countries can be quite expensive nowadays, and this may lead some people to believe that health care is becoming less obtainable than before. This is untrue, however. If we look at the bigger picture, it is actually easier for most people to get a good health in today's society compared to in the past.

To begin with, maintaining health has been made easier in many ways thanks to technologies. One big change is how delivery systems have made it possible for people to access fresh food. Whereas before people needed livestock to transport the food, now they can use cars and airplanes to convey the viands. Technologies have brought lots of smaller changes too. Refrigerators enable us to restore food for a long time. Ovens make it possible for us to eat cooked food. Disinfector can help us kill the micro-organisms.

Additionally, a good health has become more attainable because it is no longer restricted to the wealthy people of society. While in the past only the rich could afford fees for health care, today good hospitals are affordable enough for most people to go to. And since health problems have become a higher priority in today's society, private doctors are also more common and no longer reserved only for high-class families. As long as they have determination, anyone today can receive detailed health care, go to famous hospitals, and receive health insurance. If they cannot afford medical bills, emergent patient can obtain a grant.

Finally, in most countries today, governments have a greater involvement in promoting health care. In China, for example, health examinations are free for youths and elders. The government has even created programs to send doctors to less developed areas in order to ensure that everyone receives this minimum level of health care. Some diseases remain existent despite this, but on the whole, terminal diseases have become less widespread. China has also implemented government- sponsored programs which send doctors abroad to get promote the skills training. In contrast to before, when governments only really concerned themselves with the health care of elites, nowadays governments are very involved in the health care of ordinary citizens.

预测独立写作6
Most business people are only motivated by the desire of money.
高分思路

the inflation and other factors, the price of the commodities increases vertically

people not only need to buy the living goods, but also cars and houses, which prove their living abilities and even family financial situations. 

people who have one or more babies need a lot of money

高分范文

“It is uncertain whether you are happy or not if you have enough money. However, you must be not happy if you do not have enough money.” Without money, it is hard for us to survive in such cruel society. Thus, a lot of people have to find work or start business to make money, which is their only motivation and desire.

Because of the inflation and other factors, the price of the commodities increases vertically. Take the food for instance, in the past, a lunch only costed about five yuan. However, nowadays, it is common to spend twenty yuan on it. Besides food, living goods, water and electricity cost and transportation cost all increase the burden and pressure on citizens, especially the youth. Thus, they had to find jobs and make money to afford the basic cost of living and improve the living quality as more as possible.

Furthermore, people not only need to buy the living goods, but also cars and houses, which prove their living abilities and even family financial situations. As we all know, when a man is going to marry a woman, it is necessary for him to own a car and a house. Or the woman will suspect the man’s ability and worry about the future life. However, the car and the house do cost a lot of money, which is incredible for a youth. In this way, people need to work harder for more wages.

Also, people who have one or more babies need a lot of money. It is well-known that baby products, like clothes, milk powder and preschool education, are always very expensive because of the requirement of high quality. And parents always want their babies to use the best products. After babies grow up, the cost of education is a large expense, including cost of books, cram school and interest classes. Moreover, an increasing number of parents plan to send their children abroad to widen the horizon and receive higher-level education, which is a huge cost and is stressful for most common families. So, parents are motivated in business by their desire for money to give their children better growth environment and education.

To improve their life, citizens have to work for money. In closing, money is essential to everyone and thus, most people are motivated by it to work harder in business.

预测独立写作7
In your opinion, what is the most important characteristic (for example, honesty, intelligence, a sense of humor) that a person can have to be successful in life?
高分思路

Thinking critically can make one analyze problems insightfully.

one can concentrate on right targets

one can make decisions wise and prudent

高分范文

To be successful in life, one needs the ability to think critically. By critical thinking, one is capable of analyzing insightfully, concentrating on the right target, thereby making a wise decision.

Thinking critically can make one analyze problems insightfully. We live in a world where controversial issues are often simply taken for granted. For example, most people are reluctant to think carefully about issues like whether boys and girls should take separate classes. Recently a high school in Beijing announced that their students from then on take separate classes. Many parents support such ridiculous decision without careful consideration. They are poor thinkers. Critical thinking is but to ask some simple yet essential questions, which always brings amazing outcomes. Is such a scheme capable of eliminating underage sexual behaviors among adolescents? Does such a scheme guarantee boys and girls against negative effects? The question left unanswered, but the decision had been made.

Thinking critically can help one concentrate on right targets. We all have only and exactly 24 hours a day, but we often have mountainous work to do in hands, along with which many personal affairs seem equally urgent. Concentrating on right targets is probably the only way to overcome such dilemmas. For example, ETS has recently announced that GRE examination will be transformed back to paper based test. Grumbles are all around, and complains are posted almost every BBS on the internet. But if students think critically, however, they will find out the simple fact that even if ETS had made an awkward decision, they should concentrate on the right target – preparing test as prudently as possible, and at the same time, grumbling never helps.

Only by thinking critically can one make decisions wise and prudent. Sound decision making is essential to success. Decisions such as which movie theater we should go tonight are simple enough to make by tossing a coin, but decisions such as which university or which major we should choose are complicated enough so that we need careful comparisons. A comparison sheet will help a lot, simply by listing several relevant questions such as Am I really interested in this major?, or Are there more opportunities in the city where the university locates? By analyzing insightfully and concentrating on the right targets, wise decisions are not hard to reach at all.

Therefore, among various characteristics that may contribute to one's success in life, being capable of thinking critically is probably the most important.

预测独立写作8
Observing or studying animals can teach us a lot of human nature.
高分思路

human is overall physically different from animals, which has been proved by lots of scientific discoveries.

animals are also psychologically different from human. 

human nature is constantly changing in an accelerating speed

高分范文

From the early centuries, people have been trying to study through animal behaviors. From the past totem worship to later pet keeping, people all always trying to learn about human from the animals. However, I disagree with the statement that observing animals can help people better learning about human nature.

To start with, human is overall physically different from animals, which has been proved by lots of scientific discoveries. Being the leading species on earth, human are proved to be better evolved compared to animals. With more delicate organs, more sophisticated brain and much more neuron cells, human are far more complicated. Most animal behaviors are out of instinct, such as dog stretching the tongue, which are mostly only physiological processes and are comparatively simpler to human nature. 

In addition, animals are also psychologically different from human. Human have built laws, societies and countries that discourage physical conflict, while animals are still fond of fighting to divide their territory and follow the basic law of evolution. From this perspective, human is mentally more complicated. Animals eat whenever they feel hungry without paying any considerations to shape keeping; animals learn skills in order to survive but paying no attention to studying conceptual knowledge; animals propagate without any ideas about love or marriage. In other words, human’s behaviors are far more complex than the animals’ actions for the basic living. Therefore, learning about animals will only bring one more about original impulse for survival but not about human nature.

Furthermore, human nature is constantly changing in an accelerating speed. With the rapid development of technology as if taking a rocket, human nature and behaviors are also affected by the changing environment. As human nature is altering in such a speed, animals developing are definitely out of place and do no help for the study of human nature. Millions of years ago, animals as well as people fight fiercely with each other for the survival, but now, animals are still doing the primitive action of fighting with arms and claws, but people have already had laws, societies and other actions to prevent this kind of fighting and enter a highly-peaceful era. This indicates that the difference between human nature and animals’ is enlarged day by day.

预测独立写作9
Parents should allow children to make mistakes and let them learn from their mistakes.
高分思路
lwhen children make mistakes, there are potential risks. Without knowing the consequences of mistakes, children are incapable of protecting themselves. lit is difficult for children to realize their mistakes and take responsibility for them.  lwe cannot make sure whether children can correct their mistakes after indulging in bad things.
高分范文

When I was very young, my parents always told me to learn something from my mistakes. It is inevitable for adults to make mistakes, let alone little children. However, learning from mistakes is not always an advisable way for children to grow up.

Firstly, when children make mistakes, there are potential risks. Without knowing the consequences of mistakes, children are incapable of protecting themselves. Take crossing the road for instance, not knowing the traffic rules, children  are easy to be hurt by passing cars if they go through the red light or jaywalk recklessly, instead of using crosswalks or underpasses. What’s more, they may become disable or even lose lives. It is not worth at all for children to learn something from this kind of mistakes because of the lack of safety.

Besides, we cannot make sure whether children can correct their mistakes after indulging in bad things. Using smartphones or laptops all the time, young children are easy to be addicted to video-games or online chatting. Also, smoking and drinking are serious problems of young children today. Once they touch with these actions, it is hard for them to realize the mistakes, extricate themselves and correct the behavior. More seriously, these behaviors will become children’s habits if parents do not find them immediately, which will lead tragic consequences. However, the better way to avoid these results is preventing children from touching the bad behaviors and telling them the harm earlier than they wallow in wrong things.

What’s more, it is difficult for children to realize their mistakes and take responsibility for them. For example, parents need spend a large amount of time educating their children to correct their wrong action of school violence. Be different from the mistakes on study, children are unable to correct it until they understand the basic principle of personal conduct and the theory of equality. Also, it is impossible to cure the children who are hurt by violence in both mental and physical. Thus, the cost of making mistakes is so great that we cannot afford it. 

In conclusion, it is not wise for parents to allow their children to learn from mistakes. Learning the correct things before making mistakes is a better way for young children.

预测独立写作10
The expression "Never, never give up" means to keep trying and never stop working for your goals.
高分思路
lTo never give up, represents a strong and positive attitude of the life lSuch strong belief often gives us the second chance lPsychology teaches us that we do get what we want
高分范文

Near in the end of the Second World War, Churchill delivered his famous and the shortest speech: Never, Never Give Up. British as well as people in many other countries were tremendously encouraged, and finally went through the hardest period in human history. 

To never give up, represents a strong and positive attitude of the life. Some people are readily to quit when they feel they cannot endure the difficulties of some work or they think they cannot find a way to finish the required task. Such people usually become upset and disappointed of failure and lose their self-confidence, although they virtually can do every thing well. In case of acquiring second language, most people failed simply because they had given up. Acquiring second language might be the easiest task among diverse academic curriculums, because one can be successful only by plain repetition, though it is pains-taking and time-consuming. 

Never give up. Such strong belief often gives us the second chance. The fact that we failed somewhere does not mean we are going to fail every where, and especially it does not necessarily mean that we are deprived of opportunities to win there. There probably even always is a second chance. Many successful people did fail before. Yu MinHong, the founder of New Oriental School, was able to study in Peking University only after three years' attempts. He wasn't reckoned as successful after graduation, among many signs is the fact that almost all his classmates went abroad while he was each and every time refused by officials in visa-granting office for unexplained reasons. Yet he never gives up, which makes his later success inevitable.

Psychology teaches us that we do get what we want, if we know exactly what we want and want the right thing. First of all, we must make sure that our clearly defined goals are achievable, and that our carefully designed means are practicable. A superficial claim like I wanna be a millionaire! brings nothing. And an unrealistic goal like inventing a perpetual motion machine is absolutely meaningless. But if we want to acquire a second language, it is either realistic or meaningful. By careful planning, and relevant persistence we have no reason to fail. And numerous examples tell us that even if the methods are problematic, many still finally attain great achievements. Therefore, in most cases, 'Never, never give up' is really something that we should always bear in mind.

预测独立写作11
It has been said, "Not everything that is learned is contained in books." Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?
高分思路

Experiences are the most direct resources we ever have

Books are valuable when knowledge is beyond the scope of our experiences

Yet either experiences or books may give us wrong information.

高分范文

Both experiences and books are very essential resources, and both of them have relevant merits.

Experiences are the most direct resources we ever have. Almost our every basic skill came from experiences, such as walking, articulating, reading even thinking. Without experiences, some natural born abilities even might lose. Studies have shown that a baby who was robbed by animals into forest for 12 years lost his ability to talk in human language. Furthermore, it is generally accepted that each and every skill develops by experiences, and that's why people always say practice makes perfect. 

Books are valuable when knowledge is beyond the scope of our experiences. Perhaps the most obvious examples are those fluent writers. They write various stories, the scopes of which are far beyond any individual's experiences. Take Joyce Carol Oates for example, her productivity has been prodigious, accumulating in less than two decades to nearly thirty titles, including novels, collections of short stories and verse, plays and literary criticism. Although some of them appear to come from her own direct observations, her dreams, and her fears, much more is clearly from the experiences of others. Her fictive world remains strikingly akin to that real one reflected in the daily newspapers, the television news and talk shows, and the popular magazines of our day.

Yet either experiences or books may give us wrong information. Our direct observations always are subject to our beliefs, hopes, fears, expectations, and our bias, which might make observations unreliable. People vary in their powers of observation, and the reliability of our observations is no better than the reliability of our memories, which as we know can be deceptive. Information printed in papers sometimes is unreliable either, it may be misprinted, or even deliberately distorted. For example, Definitions such as Marxism, Capitalism, Zionism are totally different in the Oxford Learner's Dictionary of Current English between the original edition and the sanctioned Russian edition.

In conclusion, both sources are important. Sometimes one is more important than the other in accordance with specific circumstances. For example, when we make a general survey about a certain subject, we may prefer rich references in library. On the other hand, if we want to know more specific details, we had better refer to experiences such as results of carefully designed experiments.

预测独立写作12
There are so many events happening everyday in the world, we  don’t have to know.
高分思路

learning about everything that is happening will disturb one from develop in the field that one is really interested in.

knowing about something happening in the world has a negative impact on a person.

much of the information of the events happening in the world is useless, especially that about popular stars.

高分范文

In a modern world that everything is changing in an amazing speed, there is so much in the world happening every day. I agree that in such an unpredictable world, we don’t have to all current affairs.

To start with, learning about everything that is happening will disturb one from develop in the field that one is really interested in. If one wants to be outstanding in one aspect, no doubt he will have to sacrifice some attention on another. Mozart won’t pay much attention to the physics field; Newton won’t focus on music progress; Shakespeare won’t be interested in the politics. Only when they fall in the part that they devoted their lives can they achieve the success that is so unique. Trying to absorb all the events that are happening in the world can cost too much energy and even bring difficulty to one’s life.

In addition, knowing about something happening in the world has a negative impact on a person. For instance, news and reports about drugs taking, alcohol addiction and violence may have negative effect on people, especially the kids who don’t have the ability to distinguish right from wrong yet. Learning about these things set terrible example for the children, which may even destroy their lives. Besides, with the prevalence of the Internet, vicious comments can be presented to anyone anonymously without paying any legal liability. This information may leave deep and negative impression on the children, and may even distort their view of the world. 

Furthermore, much of the information of the events happening in the world is useless, especially that about popular stars. Spending hours on viewing the moments in Wechat, Facebook, and Instagram is meaningless. Information on these can simply provide a momentary delight, but when thinking back days later, one may remember nothing to be really important and useful. Compared to spending time for this kind of void joy, one should rather take more effort to improve oneself in internal accomplishment, for example reading books, or cultivating hobbies, which can make one’s life colorful and meaningful as well.

In conclusion, considering from the energy cost, negative impact and usefulness, I believe that we don’t have to know every single event that is happening in this fast-developing world.

toefl ibt是什么toefl考试政策toefl备考官方指南 本文由 @冷暖自知 原创发布于三立在线教育。未经许可,禁止转载。
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